Different Laboratory Departments & Their Roles

Laboratories are the backbone of medical organizations. There is a huge role of medical laboratories in the world of medicine and hospitals because all the tests and diagnosis that are required for proper treatment are done only in the clinical laboratories. If laboratories were not there, no proper treatment of chronic / life threatening diseases would ever be made possible. Also, it’s not just about one type of lab that does it wholly, but there are different types of labs which are aimed for different testes and carry out different diagnosis.

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Chemistry Lab:
Chemistry laboratories perform a wide variety of tests by studying the matter and the various elements related to the human body. The tests which commonly are analyzed in the chemistry lab are cholesterol, glucose, BUN, potassium, thyroid tests, liver and heart enzymes, hormone tests, and PSA etc.

Immunology Lab:
Immunology is the study of immune elements for example antibodies produced by the body in response to foreign material. The lab diagnose about the immunity strength of the patients and check the levels of risks.

Hematology Lab:
This lab deals with the study of blood, blood morphology and blood diseases etc. In the lab, the Hematologists count and classify types of blood cells into specific categories. It can also test the clotting of blood. 

Microbiology Lab:
There are certain health issues which are caused because of bacteria, algae, viruses and fungi etc. as any bodily fluid or tissue can be cultured for infectious disease. Such elements can be tested against in microbiology lab and the tests are then forwarded for further processing or are used for developing the right antibiotics.

Surgical Pathology:
The structural as well as functional changes in the tissues, muscles, and organs of the body that may cause a disease or are caused by an ailment are generally tested and diagnosed in surgical pathology or called just ‘Pathology’. To be brief, it is the branch of medicine, which treats the essential nature of diseases in tissues and organs.

Cytology Lab:
In cytology laboratory, a professional cytotechnologist inspects the cells of the  patient by using the latest microscopes so as to  look for early signs of cancer and other such chronic / life threatening diseases. Pap smear is the most common type of specimen processed in the Cytology department / lab.

Among all these different laboratories each lab holds its own importance and worth in a hospital or medical organization. Also, it is necessary for the advanced hospitals to offer all services to attract more and more patients. Patients too want to visit the medical organization or a hospital which has almost all or maximum of these types of labs.

There are certain laboratory center in Dubai which are dedicated for the patients and deliver most of these services through specific, systematic labs and treat your disease in no time.

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Periodontal Diseases –Definition, Causes and Symptoms

Periodontal diseases, also known as gum diseases are traumatic oral problem. These can ruin your oral condition, irritate you, embarrass you, and can cause grave oral / dental pain. Ranging from simple gum inflammation to serious gum disease, gum diseases can result in major injury or serious damage to the soft tissues and bones that support the teeth.

Gum Diseases:

Gingivitis

Plaque, bacteria and tartar prevailing on teeth, cause inflammation of the gums which is referred to as “Gingivitis”. In this oral issue, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed occasionally. As gingivitis is considered to be a mild form of gum disease, it can be treated with daily brushing and regular flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Periodontitis

It is the advanced stage of gingivitis (if not treated in time) is known as “Periodontitis”. When you suffer from the disease, your gums would pull away from your teeth and form infected and toxic spaces (called “pockets”). If not treated in time, this serious dental (gum) disease can destroy your bones, gums, and tissues that hold up the teeth.

Causes:

This is no secret that human mouth is full of bacteria which enter with food, air, water and while sleeping. These bacteria, along with mucus and other such elements, form a sticky substance constantly on teeth, which is known as “plaque”. This can take a horrible form and form a hard substance called “tartar” –if brushing and flossing is not practiced regularly or properly. In such a case, only a professional a dentist or dental hygienist can help you get rid of the terrible tartar.

Symptoms:

To be sure that you have developed a dreadful gum disease, you may look for the following common symptoms:

  • Constant bad breath
  • Painful chewing and speaking
  • Swollen or reddish gums
  • Weak and bleeding gums
  • Sensitive as well as loose teeth
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
  • Spaces between the gums and / or teeth

These symptoms are not only irritating and embarrassing, but also really painful; it’s hard to live with such problems and pain. Also, if you neglect a dental / oral issue, you can put yourself into a grave jeopardy; the teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.

Hence it’s quite requisite to see a professional dentist or oral doctor as soon as you suspect a periodontal problem. So, it’s recommended to visit a Health care dental department of a renowned hospital or call your family dental hygienist to have healthy teeth and happy smile!

What Five Services to Look For in a Private Hospital?

Private hospitals are the blessing for the people suffering from an injury, illness or a disease.  These are the places which have everything to cure you, to ease your discomfort and to treat you in the best manner. But how would you decide which private hospital is better for you; for this, you must look for certain services which are mentioned and discussed below:

  1. Emergency Care Unit: This is the first thing you must check in a good private hospital to make sure that it is a good hospital with proper services; also, it is quite requisite for a hospital to have an emergency care unit for all the patients with different diseases and emergency care or services. A good private hospital should offer round the clock medical emergency care in their emergency care unit.
  2. Coronary Care Unit: A good private hospital must have a CCU which is the acronym for Coronary Care Unit. It is the unit that has special arrangements for taking care of the patients with cardiacdysrhythmia, heart attacks, unstable angina and other cardiac problems that call for constant monitoring and treatment.
  3. Day Surgery Unit: The Day Surgery Unit is where most patients scheduled for elective surgery will begin their surgical journey. It is one of the most important part of any hospital or medical organization to take proper care of the patients, put them at ease and treat them accordingly.
  4. Cardiac Cath Lab: A Cath lab, which stands for a Catheterization laboratory is an assessment room in a hospital that has diagnostic imaging equipment used for visualizing the chambers as well as the arteries of the heart to treat any stenosis found. The functions, monitorization or treatments that are carried out in a Catheterization lab are angioplasty, angiogram, ablation, and implantation of pacemakers etc. Every private hospital should have Cath lab to deliver the best services to the advanced requirements.
  5. Adult Intensive Care Unit: The adults and elderly need an extra care as well as attention when they are sick or suffering from grave illness. In fact, the aged people are weaker and require a complete professional care and expert treatment which could be given to them only in the Adult Intensive Care Unit.

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If a hospital has all the listed services –you would get a good treatment after a thorough check up. Hence, you must find a reliable, renowned private hospital in Dubai, which offers all the mentioned services, and keep yourself stress free and healthy at all times.

Get Acquainted With the World of Medical Laboratory

Clinical laboratory testing plays an essential part in the delivery of quality health care. Also known as medical laboratory, a clinical laboratory is the one which encompasses a number of clinical specimens, medical machines and technical tools for the complete tests, management and diagnosis of the patients.

Types of Medical Laboratories

Medical laboratories can be of several types which generally include Clinical pathology, Anatomic pathology, Clinical chemistry, clinical microbiology and genetics etc. A medical laboratory holds its own worth in the world of medical science as it is the base step to cure the disease, suffering or illness by deeply diagnosing it.

Laboratory Staff

A medical laboratory’s staff may be comprised of Pathologists, Assistant Pathologists, Clinical Biochemist, Phlebotomist and Biochemical Scientist etc. These laboratories, also known as “labs” can be either private or run in the hospital premises, and can be run by the private professionals or experienced, medical professionals who actually fall in the hospital staff.

Importance of Medical Labs:

Lab is the backbone of the medical science and organizations as this is the place where the patient is diagnosed keenly, and the professional specialist treats the patients to check the severity level of their disease. Whether it is a normal test, a diagnosis, thorough check up, or specimen assessment –all is done at this place only –these are the reasons which make medical laboratories and indispensable as well as an inseparable part of the world.

Moreover, it holds the critical machines, specimens, and appliances that play major role in the overall treatment; not just they hold them, but these labs also keep all those machinery safe and prevented from any harm or loss. Furthermore, it creates the fundamental yet specific as well as essential reports about the patients for the further testing and treatment.

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Credibility of Clinical Labs

Now, when the clinical labs play the key role in the treatment process –it is quite requisite to check the credentials, validity and authenticity of the laboratories. Credibility of medical laboratories is paramount when it comes to the health and safety of the patients relying on the testing services provided by the clinical labs.

Superlative Laboratory Services

There are several procedures and processes performed in medical laboratory, which must be carried out correctly in order to assure accuracy and trustworthiness of testing. A single error in any part or level of the cycle can produce a poor laboratory result. Hence, one should always choose the best laboratory center available in the area for a dependable diagnosis and an errorless report.