Different Laboratory Departments & Their Roles

Laboratories are the backbone of medical organizations. There is a huge role of medical laboratories in the world of medicine and hospitals because all the tests and diagnosis that are required for proper treatment are done only in the clinical laboratories. If laboratories were not there, no proper treatment of chronic / life threatening diseases would ever be made possible. Also, it’s not just about one type of lab that does it wholly, but there are different types of labs which are aimed for different testes and carry out different diagnosis.

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Chemistry Lab:
Chemistry laboratories perform a wide variety of tests by studying the matter and the various elements related to the human body. The tests which commonly are analyzed in the chemistry lab are cholesterol, glucose, BUN, potassium, thyroid tests, liver and heart enzymes, hormone tests, and PSA etc.

Immunology Lab:
Immunology is the study of immune elements for example antibodies produced by the body in response to foreign material. The lab diagnose about the immunity strength of the patients and check the levels of risks.

Hematology Lab:
This lab deals with the study of blood, blood morphology and blood diseases etc. In the lab, the Hematologists count and classify types of blood cells into specific categories. It can also test the clotting of blood. 

Microbiology Lab:
There are certain health issues which are caused because of bacteria, algae, viruses and fungi etc. as any bodily fluid or tissue can be cultured for infectious disease. Such elements can be tested against in microbiology lab and the tests are then forwarded for further processing or are used for developing the right antibiotics.

Surgical Pathology:
The structural as well as functional changes in the tissues, muscles, and organs of the body that may cause a disease or are caused by an ailment are generally tested and diagnosed in surgical pathology or called just ‘Pathology’. To be brief, it is the branch of medicine, which treats the essential nature of diseases in tissues and organs.

Cytology Lab:
In cytology laboratory, a professional cytotechnologist inspects the cells of the  patient by using the latest microscopes so as to  look for early signs of cancer and other such chronic / life threatening diseases. Pap smear is the most common type of specimen processed in the Cytology department / lab.

Among all these different laboratories each lab holds its own importance and worth in a hospital or medical organization. Also, it is necessary for the advanced hospitals to offer all services to attract more and more patients. Patients too want to visit the medical organization or a hospital which has almost all or maximum of these types of labs.

There are certain laboratory center in Dubai which are dedicated for the patients and deliver most of these services through specific, systematic labs and treat your disease in no time.

What Five Services to Look For in a Private Hospital?

Private hospitals are the blessing for the people suffering from an injury, illness or a disease.  These are the places which have everything to cure you, to ease your discomfort and to treat you in the best manner. But how would you decide which private hospital is better for you; for this, you must look for certain services which are mentioned and discussed below:

  1. Emergency Care Unit: This is the first thing you must check in a good private hospital to make sure that it is a good hospital with proper services; also, it is quite requisite for a hospital to have an emergency care unit for all the patients with different diseases and emergency care or services. A good private hospital should offer round the clock medical emergency care in their emergency care unit.
  2. Coronary Care Unit: A good private hospital must have a CCU which is the acronym for Coronary Care Unit. It is the unit that has special arrangements for taking care of the patients with cardiacdysrhythmia, heart attacks, unstable angina and other cardiac problems that call for constant monitoring and treatment.
  3. Day Surgery Unit: The Day Surgery Unit is where most patients scheduled for elective surgery will begin their surgical journey. It is one of the most important part of any hospital or medical organization to take proper care of the patients, put them at ease and treat them accordingly.
  4. Cardiac Cath Lab: A Cath lab, which stands for a Catheterization laboratory is an assessment room in a hospital that has diagnostic imaging equipment used for visualizing the chambers as well as the arteries of the heart to treat any stenosis found. The functions, monitorization or treatments that are carried out in a Catheterization lab are angioplasty, angiogram, ablation, and implantation of pacemakers etc. Every private hospital should have Cath lab to deliver the best services to the advanced requirements.
  5. Adult Intensive Care Unit: The adults and elderly need an extra care as well as attention when they are sick or suffering from grave illness. In fact, the aged people are weaker and require a complete professional care and expert treatment which could be given to them only in the Adult Intensive Care Unit.

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If a hospital has all the listed services –you would get a good treatment after a thorough check up. Hence, you must find a reliable, renowned private hospital in Dubai, which offers all the mentioned services, and keep yourself stress free and healthy at all times.

List of Critical Health Conditions Handled in Emergency Care Unit

An Emergency Department (ED), also known as Emergency Room (ER),  Emergency Care Unit (ECU), or Casualty Department, is a place for medical treatment service –which is specialized In emergency medicine, the keen care of patients whether they appear without any prior appointment; or they have managed to come by an ambulance or by their own means.

The emergency department is generally found in the hospitals or other primary care centers to deliver quality services and facilities to the patients. Here is the list containing critical conditions which are handled in the Emergency Care Unit (Emergency Department):

  1. Cardiac Arrest: Cardiac arrest is the chronic condition in which a patient may be transported by an ambulance to the ECU. The treatment procedure is either basic life support or advanced life support. A cardiac arrest is an instant life-threatening condition which calls for an immediate treatment in salvageable cases.
  1. Heart Attack: The people who have a grave heart attack (myocardial infarction) can immediately get into an emergency department. Here, they would be provided oxygen along with monitoring and also have an early ECG; aspirin and morphine will also be given for pain and other requirements. There are lots of other treatments for treating heart attack; the whole department of ECU is profound and potent to bestow best facilities on the patients.
  1. Mental Illness: Some patients become a part of emergency department having a complaint of mental illness. The emergency care unit conducts a medical clearance for mentally disturbed (ill) patients rather than treating the acute behavioral disorders. Today’s advanced technology helps the emergency department to deal and combat the serious issues like mental illness.
  1. Trauma: Trauma team of ECU treats trauma effectively; the trauma team has been trained using the ideology taught in the internationally renowned Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) course. The services that are offered in an emergency care unit can range from x-rays to those of a full-scale trauma center. From the treatment in emergency department, a patient’s chance of survival is greatly improved.
  1. Asthma & COPD: Apart from all the listed critical conditions, Asthma & COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) can also be successfully treated at Emergency Care Unit.  These diseases and ailments are assessed as emergencies and treated with oxygen therapy, steroids, bronchodilators etc. Also, an urgent chest X-ray and arterial blood gases are referred for emergency / intensive care if necessary.

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ECU it is a frontline venue where the patients with critical health issues and complications get delivered with emergency medical care. So, if you have any critical problem or health issue from the list –seek the best Emergency Care Unit in Dubai, and get your treatment done by the best professionals.