Periodontal Diseases –Definition, Causes and Symptoms

Periodontal diseases, also known as gum diseases are traumatic oral problem. These can ruin your oral condition, irritate you, embarrass you, and can cause grave oral / dental pain. Ranging from simple gum inflammation to serious gum disease, gum diseases can result in major injury or serious damage to the soft tissues and bones that support the teeth.

Gum Diseases:

Gingivitis

Plaque, bacteria and tartar prevailing on teeth, cause inflammation of the gums which is referred to as “Gingivitis”. In this oral issue, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed occasionally. As gingivitis is considered to be a mild form of gum disease, it can be treated with daily brushing and regular flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Periodontitis

It is the advanced stage of gingivitis (if not treated in time) is known as “Periodontitis”. When you suffer from the disease, your gums would pull away from your teeth and form infected and toxic spaces (called “pockets”). If not treated in time, this serious dental (gum) disease can destroy your bones, gums, and tissues that hold up the teeth.

Causes:

This is no secret that human mouth is full of bacteria which enter with food, air, water and while sleeping. These bacteria, along with mucus and other such elements, form a sticky substance constantly on teeth, which is known as “plaque”. This can take a horrible form and form a hard substance called “tartar” –if brushing and flossing is not practiced regularly or properly. In such a case, only a professional a dentist or dental hygienist can help you get rid of the terrible tartar.

Symptoms:

To be sure that you have developed a dreadful gum disease, you may look for the following common symptoms:

  • Constant bad breath
  • Painful chewing and speaking
  • Swollen or reddish gums
  • Weak and bleeding gums
  • Sensitive as well as loose teeth
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
  • Spaces between the gums and / or teeth

These symptoms are not only irritating and embarrassing, but also really painful; it’s hard to live with such problems and pain. Also, if you neglect a dental / oral issue, you can put yourself into a grave jeopardy; the teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.

Hence it’s quite requisite to see a professional dentist or oral doctor as soon as you suspect a periodontal problem. So, it’s recommended to visit a Health care dental department of a renowned hospital or call your family dental hygienist to have healthy teeth and happy smile!